According to an August, 2007 Policy Brief of the Justice Policy Institute, the United States leads the world in the number people incarcerated in federal and state correctional facilities. There are currently almost 2.5 million people in American prisons and jails. Overall, individuals incarcerated in U.S. prisons and jails report significantly lower levels of educational attainment than do those in the general population. Research has shown a relationship between high school graduation rates and crime rates, and a relationship between educational attainment and the likelihood of incarceration. The impact of policies related to education and public safety are concentrated among people of color, who are less likely to have access to quality educational opportunities, more likely to leave educational systems earlier, and more likely to be incarcerated. The brief gives a good overall view and background with helpful analysis and statistics. What is missing, however, is a suggested methodology to improve educational attainment, an issue that encompasses family, neighborhood, employment, individual initiative and responsibility, and the removal of economic and racial barriers that inhibit education for the individuals that really want it. This complex issue represents one of the great issues of our time. It takes more than a Bill Cosby saying that parents must do more.